Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH is a condition caused by the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland in aging men.

As the prostate enlarges, it can squeeze down on the urethra, causing men to have difficulty urinating.

What are the symptoms of BPH?

Since the prostate surrounds the urethra just below the bladder, its enlargement can result in symptoms that are irritating or obstructing the bladder. A common symptom is the need to empty the bladder frequently sometimes as often as every two hours or more, especially at night. Another symptom is the sensation that the bladder is not empty, even after urinating. BPH can also cause a weak urinary stream, dribbling of urine, the need to stop and start urinating several times when the bladder is emptied or having to strain to urinate.

How is BPH diagnosed and treated?

In order to help assess the severity of symptoms, the American Urological Association (AUA) BPH Symptom Score Index was developed. This diagnostic system includes a series of questions about your specific urinary symptoms to determine if your condition is mild or severe. When your urologist evaluates you for possible BPH, the evaluation will typically consist of a thorough medical history, a physical examination (including a DRE), a urinalysis and the use of the AUA BPH Symptom Score Index. Treatment options for BPH include medications, minimally invasive treatments and surgery.

For more information on BPH, please see the Urology Association of America’s booklet. Read More>>