Kinds of Kidney Stones and How to Prevent Them


Kidney stones after ESWL intervention. Lithotripsy

Kidney stones after ESWL intervention. Lithotripsy

Kidney stones are a frustrating and painful affliction some people have to deal with. This blog seeks to give you information about kidney stones so you can take measures to prevent them. Kidney stones form when you have more crystal-forming substances in your kidneys than your urine can dilute. There are a few different kinds of kidney stones. Here are some of the types according to the Mayo Clinic.

  • Calcium Stones: These are the most common type of kidney stone caused by calcium oxalate. Calcium oxalate naturally occurs in some foods and the liver creates it as well. It isn’t bad to have in your body. But metabolic disorders, dietary factors, and bypass surgery can lead to an unhealthy buildup creating kidney stones.
  • Struvite Stones: This type is usually the result of a urinary tract infection.
  • Uric Acid Stones: These occur in people who don’t get enough fluid, either through consumption or losing a lot of fluid, eating a high-protein diet, and in people who have gout.
  • Cystine Stones: Cystine stones are caused by a hereditary disorder that creates too much of a certain amino acid in the kidney.

As you can see from the different types of stones, some of them are preventable while others are not. If you have reoccurring kidney stones, it may be worth it to try avoiding foods that are high in oxalates to see if that helps. This link from kidney.com gives a list of foods you could avoid and also gives you pointers on how to pair foods so your body absorbs the oxalates better.

For more information on dealing with kidney stones, contact us at Urology Austin today.