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Semen and sperm analysis


Semen is a thick fluid produced in the testicles which contains male sperm. When couples have trouble conceiving a child, it may be due to a male infertility issue related to sperm rather than a female reproductive issue.

Following are some basic facts about semen and sperm:

  • The odds of natural conception can be increased by improving the total motile sperm count to 80 million.
  • A man can be evaluated for semen related abnormalities with some simple tests and an office exam.
  • Poor sperm counts may be a sign of hormonal abnormalities that can result in negative long term consequences for men.

Semen testing

In order to evaluate the sperm, the physician will order a semen analysis. This diagnostic tool will provide important information about the following:

  • Volume of ejaculate
  • Concentration of sperm (usually million per cc)
  • Normal motility of sperm (how well they move, usually a percentage)
  • Normal morphology of sperm (percentage of sperm with a normal shape)
  • The presence of WBC in semen (white blood cells, also known as inflammatory cells)

This analysis, a physical examination and other laboratory testing (as needed), will aid the physician in making treatment recommendations if results point to a male infertility issue. Fortunately, there are options available to help improve male fertility. If you and your partner have been trying to conceive, without success, contact Urology Austin to schedule an appointment at the location nearest you.

Related link

Sperm motility

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