Pelvic Floor Reconstructive Surgery
Pelvic floor reconstructive surgery is recommended by urologists as a corrective measure for individuals experiencing pelvic organ prolapse and other pelvic floor disorders. While commonly attributed with women, men may also undergo pelvic floor reconstructive surgery.
What is pelvic floor reconstructive surgery?
Patients undergo pelvic floor reconstructive surgery to correct pelvic floor disorders most commonly attributed to pelvic organ prolapse. Prolapse occurs when a pelvic organ drops from its normal position into the pelvic region, the vagina, or outside of the body. There are several different types of pelvic organ prolapse that can affect the following organs:
- Small bowel / intestines
- Sigmoid colon
Sacrocolpopexy is a surgical procedure that is used to correct apical prolapse with or without anterior / posterior wall defects. This procedure uses mesh, but is not associated with the same risks of vaginal mesh exposure, Dyspareunia (painful intercourse), or pelvic pain.
Apical prolapse includes vaginal vault and uterine prolapses. Vaginal vault prolapse occurs when the roof of the vagina fall; uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus drops into the vagina.
Sacrohysteropexy is a surgical procedure that is performed to correct uterine prolapse. This procedure also utilizes surgical mesh to lift the organ.